How to Use Wireshark?

How to Use Wireshark?

Wireshark is the most popular tool in order to capture network packets for different network protocols and different network interface types. The Wireshark project started with the name Etheral providing very basic features. With the help of the community and developers, it became a very professional tool for network administrators and pen-testers. In this tutorial, … Read more

How To Find IP Address On MacOSX?

How To Find IP Address On MacOSX?

The IP address is used to communicate over the network using the LAN or Internet. Even we generally do not need to know our IP address on MacOSX in some cases we may require it. The IP address is used to communicate with a modem, router, or remote website. There are different ways to find … Read more

What Is TFTP Port Number?

What Is TFTP Port Number?

TFTP or Trivial File Transfer Protocol is a simple file transfer protocol that is used to transfer files via the network in a simple way. TFTP is created as a lightweight alternative to the more advanced FTP protocol. The TFTP protocol has some advantages over other protocols like FTP, SCP, SFTP, etc. TFTP Advantages TFTP … Read more

What Is NIC (Network Interface Card)?

The NIC or Network Inteface Card is hardware that is used to connect a system, computer, laptop, tablet, smartphone, etc. into a computer network. As its name suggests the NIC provides an interface to the network and runs required operations for network connectivity. There are different types of NICs for different network types and use … Read more

MAC Address Examples

MAC Address Examples

MAC (Media Access Control) Address is used to uniquely identify NICs(Network Interface Cards) in a network. The MAC is heavily used by the Layer 2 Ethernet protocol and assumed as defacto protocol for Layer2 communication. The MAC address consists of 48 bits hexadecimal value. Every mac address is unique in the world theoretically but the … Read more

How To Ping?

How To Ping?

Ping is a term, action, or tool in order to check the network connectivity to the remote hosts or websites. Ping command is the implementation of the ping action where network packets are sent to the remote host and responses are expected. Ping command is used with the IP networks whereas ICMP protocol is used … Read more

Port 445 (SMB-Microsoft Directory Services)

Port 445 (SMB-Microsoft Directory Services)

You are seeing some port numbers or network communications that occur over port 445. What is port 445 registered for? Port 445 is mainly used and registered for the “SMB over IP” communication whereas the SMB is used for Microsoft Directory Services. Actually the SMB or “NBT over IP” uses the port range 137-139 but … Read more

How Do I Find The MAC Address On My Computer?

How Do I Find The MAC Address On My Computer?

The MAC (Media Access Control) Address is a unique address assigned to every network interface for the Ethernet, Wireless, and Bluetooth cards. The MAC address is also called an Ethernet address too. MAC address generally matched with an IP address in order to communicate in a LAN with the gateway and other hosts in the … Read more