Git branches are an important part of the git. By using branches the codebase can be easily developed by different developers or groups and then merged again. After the development is complete and changes are merged into the main branch other development branches can be deleted. There are two types of branches called local branch and remote branch.
List Local Git Branches
Before deleting branches we generally need to list local branches. The following command is used to list local branches.
$ git branch
The output shows two branches where the
master branch is the actively used branch.
List Remote Git Branches
Remote branches can be used similar to the listing local branches. We just provide the
-r option to the
git branch command like below.
$ git branch -r
origin/HEAD -> origin/master origin/master
Delete Local Git Branches
We may require to delete a branch after its usage is over. Generally, a few branches are used for a long time and temporary branches are created to developed new features or bug fixes. After the development of the new features or bug fix is complete it is merged into the main branch and the temporary branch is deleted. If the development is done via a local system a local branch is created. The local branch can be deleted with the
git branch command by providing the
-d option with the branch we want to delete. In the following example, we delete the local branch named
$ git branch -d testing
The output is like below which simply says that the branch removal is completed successfully.
Deleted branch testing (was 51180ec95).
If the branch is not pushed or merged yet it can not be deleted with the
-d option. If we try it throws an error. The
-D option can be used to force delete operation for the specified branch even it is not merged into a remote branch.
$ git branch -D testing
Delete Remote Git Branches
Remote branches can be deleted by using the
git push origin --delete command. The “–delete” option is used to delete the specified remote branches. In the following example, we delete the remote branch named
$ git origin --delete origin/testing